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DIABETES TYPE 1

Diabetes causes high blood glucose levels and serious changes in metabolism. A person with type 1 diabetes needs daily insulin injections to stay alive, as their pancreas cannot make insulin. Insulin is the hormone that enables our body cells to use glucose (a type of sugar). Glucose (from our food) is our bodies' main fuel. It provides energy for body cells to perform their normal functions. In type 1 diabetes body cells cannot use glucose, because the insulin-making cells in the pancreas have been destroyed by the body's own immune system. The trigger for this is not known. Type1 diabetes leads to an abnormally high blood glucose level. Type 1 diabetes used to be called insulin dependent diabetes mellitus or juvenile diabetes. It usually develops in childhood or young adulthood, but it can occur at any age.

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